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Canadian Divorce Glossary
Words beginning with "C"Consummation of a Marriage - The word "consummate" means simply "to bring to completion." A marriage is considered consummated when the parties have engaged in sexual intercourse. Annulment is the process by which a Court states that a marriage never legally existed. An annulment of a marriage -- different from a divorce -- may be based on the physical incapacity to consummate the marriage.
Contempt of Court - If you disobey a court order, you are in contempt of court. Contempt of court is a serious infraction and is both a criminal as well as civil offence with monetary fines and jail time as possible punishments.
Contested Divorce - When agreement cannot be reached on some or all of the issues of your divorce - child custody, child support, spousal support, division of assets, etc. - this is known as a contested divorce.
Corollary Relief - This term refers to the issues arising out of the breakdown of a marriage other than the divorce itself - issues such as child custody, child support, spousal support and the division of assets.
Cost of Living Adjustment - A cost of living adjustment is an increase in the amount of payments -- i.e., for spousal support -- that occurs annually. The adjustment is normally based on the Consumer Price Index for your city or province. When spousal support is awarded for an indefinite period, there is usually a COLA clause.
Costs - Costs are payments ordered by a judge, once a motion or trial is decided, to compensate the successful party for some or all of his or her legal fees. Normally, if you are successful in court, you will receive one-half to two-thirds of your legal fees from the other side.
Counselling - Even the friendliest divorce can be a very emotional and stressful experience. To better cope with the pressure, you may want to consider seeing a professional counselor. Therapists can provide invaluable support with understanding, resolving, and coping with the emotional issues surrounding your divorce.
Court - Any location where justice is administered and legal proceedings take place can be a court. "Family Court" is the court having jurisdiction over divorce and family law issues.
Cruelty - Cruelty is one of the grounds for a divorce. It must be of a very severe form. If the cruelty was this bad, you may also be entitled to financial compensation for this.